Electrically de-icing the Queensferry Crossing cable-stayed bridge.

BBC: “Falling ice causes first Queensferry Crossing closure”

Keeping such bridges open even in icing conditions is really not rocket science. What, to me anyway, is the obvious solution – to pass an electrical heating current through the bridge’s support cables –  doesn’t seem to be “obvious” to other research scientists and engineers whose “Thermal Systems” for melting the ice are reviewed here.

I suggested this simple solution, outlined the calculations required and warned of some dangers in an email to the Queensferry Crossing bridge authorities and contractors in March 2019, but as usual, the authorities ignore solutions until there is a political price to be paid for continuing to ignore solutions in a pig-headed, in-denial kind of way that politicians like to get away with, if they possibly can.

There follows a link to a PDF of the email I sent the bridge authorities last year – hopefully you can click the link and open and / or download the PDF so you can read it.

Queensferry falling ice hazard solution – electrically-heated cable stays

Deicing power for 70km of cables

@ 100W/m = 7MW = household electricity within a 3 mile radius of the bridge.
@ 250W/m = 17.5MW = household electricity within a 5 mile radius of the bridge.

Cable strands

Some strands in the cable are better situated for heating the cable than other strands, depending on their position in the cable as I have labelled them alphabetically, beginning with the label “A” for the centre strand (which is the worst strand for heating the outside of the cable, where the ice would be) and labelling the outer strands last in alphabetical order, which are best for heating the outside of the cable.

The cable strands are by convention named here using the format – “(Number of strands in the cable)-(Letter)”. Thus the centre strand in the 55-strand cable is named as “55-A”, the 6 strands immediately surrounding the sole 55-A are all named of type “55-B”.

For each strand in the cable we can assign a factor of heating capacity.

For the 55-strand cable, the total heating capacity factor assigned is 48.

For the 55-strand cable, there are a total of 24 strands which have utility for heating the cable – 6 of the 55-F type name strands, 6 x 55-Gs and 12 x 55-Hs. The 31 other strands (the 55-A to 55-Es) are not needed for heating per se, though could carry electrical currents whether by design or otherwise.

We can tabulate for each strand label, the heating power fraction and percentage, according to each strand’s heating capacity factor as a fraction of the cable’s total heating capacity factor.

Strands-label Heating power fraction Heating power %
55-F 1/48 2.1%
55-G 2/48 4.2%
55-H 2.5/48 5.2%

 

61-Strand Cable

For the 61-strand cable, the total heating capacity factor assigned is 54.

For the 61-strand cable, there are a total of 24 strands which have utility for heating the cable – 6 x 61-Gs, 12 x 61-Hs and 6 x 61-Is. There are 37 other strands – the 61-A to 61-Fs.

Strands-label Heating power fraction Heating power %
61-G 2/54 3.7%
61-H 2/54 3.7%
61-I 3/54 5.6%

 

For the 73-strand cable, the total heating capacity factor assigned is 54.

For the 73-strand cable, there are a total of 30 strands which have utility for heating the cable – 12 x 73-Hs, 6 x 73-Is and 12 x 73-Js. There are 43 other strands – the 73-A to 73-Gs.

Strands-label Heating power fraction Heating power %
73-H 1/54 1.9%
73-I 2/54 3.7%
73-J 2.5/54 4.6%

 

For the 85-strand cable, the total heating capacity factor is 60.

For the 85-strand cable, there are a total of 30 strands which have utility for heating the cable – 6 x 85-Is, 12 x 85-Js and 12 x 85-Ks. There are 55 other strands – the 85-A to 85-Hs.

Strands-label Heating power fraction Heating power %
85-I 1/60 1.7%
85-J 2/60 3.3%
85-K 2.5/60 4.2%

 


For the 91-strand cable, the total heating capacity factor is 66.

For the 91-strand cable, there are a total of 30 strands which have utility for heating the cable – 12 x 91-Js, 12 x 91-Ks and 6 x 91-Ls. There are 61 other strands – the 91-A to 91-Is.

Strands-label Heating power fraction Heating power %
91-J 2/66 3%
91-K 2/66 3%
91-L 3/66 4.5%

 

For the 109-strand cable, the total heating capacity factor is 66.

For the 109-strand cable, there are a total of 36 strands which have utility for heating the cable – 12 x 109-Ks, 6 x 109-Ls, 6 x 109-Ms and 12 x 109-Ns. There are 73 other strands – the 109-A to 109-Js.

Strands-label Heating power fraction Heating power %
109-K 1/66 1.5%
109-L 2/66 3%
109-M 2/66 3%
109-N 2.5/66 3.8%

VSL SSI 2000 Stay Cable System

VSL Queensferry Bridge

There are a number of options available in the VSL SSI 2000 Stay Cable System so these figures cannot be confirmed without sight of the Queensferry Crossing engineering design specifications (or by actually measuring the cables, which I am unable to do!).

For now, I am assuming for simplicity that the required maximum heating power in Watts/metre of cable length is the same as the stay pipe diameter in mm. This is not far off the maximum heat radiation from the sun on such a stay pipe, square on to the sun, at midday, midsummer, on a cloudless day – or more than enough heat to melt any ice in short order!

At this maximum heating power and after the cable cores warm up, they will emit 1000÷π = 318 Watts of heat energy per metre-squared of stay pipe surface area.

Number of strands
in the cable
Stay Pipe Diameter
(mm)
Heating power
(Watts/metre)
55 200 200
61 225 225
73 250 250
85 250 250
91 280 280
109 315 315

It is now possible to tabulate for each cable-label strand, the maximum heating power per metre and assuming a strand resistance of 0.001137 ohms per metre, what the maximum strand current and voltage potential per metre would be.

Strands-label Maximum strand power (Watts/metre) Maximum strand current (Amps) Maximum strand voltage (milliVolts/metre)
55-F 4.2 61 69
55-G 8.3 86 97
55-H 10.4 96 109
61-G 8.3 86 97
61-H 8.3 86 97
61-I 12.5 105 119
73-H 4.6 64 73
73-I 9.3 90 103
73-J 11.6 101 115
Strands-label Maximum strand power (Watts/metre) Maximum strand current (Amps) Maximum strand voltage (milliVolts/metre)
85-I 4.2 61 69
85-J 8.3 86 97
85-K 10.4 96 109
91-J 8.5 86 98
91-K 8.5 86 98
91-L 12.7 106 120
109-K 4.8 65 74
109-L 9.5 92 104
109-M 9.5 92 104
109-N 11.9 102 116

Cable voltages and power

To calculate the cable voltages and power and to calculate the total maximum power to heat all the cables of the Queensferry Crossing accurately, I will need to know how many of each size of cable and their lengths.

Direct Current Heating

Those theoretical differences between strand situations only matter for direct current heating if it is possible electrically to isolate strands from each other. The strands are attached via steel wedges to a steel anchor head, which, for now, effectively connects all the strands together electrically.

Electrically isolating heating and signal strands

Cable anchorages

Teflon/PTFE-coated glass fibre fabric sheaths to electrically isolate the strands from the anchor head. The outer strands are for heating. The inner strands are for signals.

It should be possible to insert Teflon/PTFE-coated glass fibre fabric sheaths between the wedges which grip the strands we wish to insulate and to isolate from the anchor head and from each other, unless and until they are connected to electrical heating or signal circuits.

The signal circuits could be used to report to the power supply control electronics at one end of the cable, the output of heating current sensors at the other end of the cable, to help to detect current leakage faults in the cable strands’ insulation, to implement a residual current device, to trigger safety power-cut-outs or circuit-breakers, most notably.

Teflon is a good insulator and is used for thread seal tape illustrating the properties of lubrication of the wedge to its housing cone required. The glass fibre fabric should provide strength under compression and a superior dimensional stability versus creep under load that a pure Teflon sheath may suffer from.

Clearly the sheath would have to remain thick enough to insulate against the highest voltage difference which might appear between the heating strands and the anchor head.

Such sheaths would likely not be available as an off-the-shelf product in the required dimensions (though general purpose PTFE-coated fibre glass cloth is commonly available) and would likely require to be custom manufactured, tested and proved in the laboratory.

So isolating the strands for DC heating purposes presents technical challenges. It would be very convenient if the outer strands could be preferentially used for heating purposes without having to isolate the strands electrically etc. but to achieve that we must consider using not direct current but alternating current instead.

Alternating Current Heating

The skin effect observed with alternating current changes matters in that with increasing frequency the heating current will tend to distribute towards strands nearer the surface of a cable. However if too great a frequency is used then the skin effect will increase the resistance of even the most superficial strands so much that inappropriately high and difficult to insulate against voltages would be required to obtain the required heating power.

Assuming that the appropriate AC frequency can be determined for preferentially heating the superficial strands of the Queensferry Crossing stay cables, although there would be no need to isolate the strands from the anchor head, there then presents the challenge of isolating the anchor heads and anchorages so that the current is not dissipated through the bridge instead of heating the cables as required.

Having isolated the cables for heating purposes, one may then wish later to reconnect the cables electrically to the rest of the bridge and disconnect the heating power supplies for lightning protection purposes. Certainly, one would not wish to encourage a lightning strike to find its way to ground via the bridge’s cable deicing power supplies!

Tower ice

To prevent the bridge piers or towers (with non-conducting concrete surfaces) from icing up, they could be surface fitted with new electrical heating trace cables which are then appropriately electrically-powered for deicing when necessary.

Ideally, such additional heating elements would have been embedded into the surface of the piers at construction time. Too late for that now.

Another option to consider is heating the hollow piers from within. However, considering the considerable mass and thickness of the piers their surfaces would have to be kept above freezing temperature all winter long. Heating the piers from within, there simply wouldn’t be time to allow the piers to get freezing cold because there was no icing then suddenly heat them from the inside to deice a sudden incidence of icing.

So heating from within bridge piers would use more electricity, though the cost shouldn’t be prohibitive – surplus grid electricity is a common occurrence at times of high wind power generation, so the electricity grid managers should offer a very low price for such electricity (just the grid connection charge) – plus it should be a lot safer upgrade from the point of view of bridge users – far less chance of things falling onto the road during the fitting of the piers’ internal heating elements.

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Financially brunette Kate Forbes

Not Legally Blonde, but Financially Brunette Kate Forbes MSP was catapulted into the national spotlight when presenting the Scottish Government’s draft budget today, whose budget content we must presume was Derek Mackay’s (who has just resigned as Finance and Economy Secretary) and therefore as unimpressive as any SNP budget constrained in borrowing powers by the bad £ fiscal framework deal that Mackay, Swinney and Sturgeon had surrendered to – but whose presentation style was impressively her own.

I am offering to help Forbes, whether as her new special adviser or otherwise, to demand and to deliver the scale of Scottish Government borrowing powers (capped at no less than 8% of Scottish GDP, about £14 billion per year, interest-free and with no repayments) that would allow for budgeting for strong growth and prosperity. If the UK refuses to concede any such proper borrowing powers to Holyrood then full borrowing powers can be secured by establishing a new Scottish currency.

With or without my help, we’ll soon see if Forbes has more substance for economic leadership than the insubstantial Mackay.

Forbes has now been tipped as the favourite for the next First Minister of Scotland, to succeed Sturgeon, whenever it is that Sturgeon decides to step down, or possibly steps up if she is crowned Queen Nicola of Scots or is elected as Scottish President of a Republic of Scotland, if and when the SNP decide to oust the Queen from Scotland.

Excuse me if I indulge my radical feminist fantasies but it occurs to me that Kate Forbes would be great serving in my fantasy Women’s Militia too.

“A well regulated Women’s Militia, being necessary to the security of Women’s Rule, the right of Women to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

Scottish politics just got a little bit more interesting, especially for a single gentleman with an eye for the ladies like me.

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Abusing teenagers in love since 2007, the puritanical SNP government to “overhaul” itself

That would be “overhauling” the cruelty imposed by the SNP governments since 2007, presumably?

The National: Nicola Sturgeon pledges to improve Scotland’s care system

The BBC: Sturgeon pledges radical overhaul of children in care system

Sturgeon sitting with those girls looks like butter would not melt in her mouth but she voted for puritanical legislation that, on the face of it, could lock up any older children – for up to 10 years – for engaging in consensual sexual conduct with their classmates, boyfriends / girlfriends etc.

SCHEDULE 2 – PENALTIES – Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009

Sitting on the sofa with the First Minister one day then soon after experimenting with love, as teenagers may be tempted to do, arrested and forced into the dock of the High Court for a sentence of up to 10 years imprisonment!

Sturgeon is, so to speak, the wicked witch-finder general of the cult of her devolved Scottish government – clueless on delivering independence but spending £billions on a sadistic police state to witch-hunt and to hurt young Scots for doing what comes natural to them.

Why did Sturgeon come into politics – just to hurt young people?

Is her envy as a barren woman who missed her chance to have a family of her own and who will stop at nothing in revenge to punish teenagers with up to 10 years in jail to stop them from trying to start their own family?

Some teenage mums can, the SNP’s Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009 legislation suggests, be locked up for years in prison – just for daring to become a mum – and possibly driven to suicide – that is the cruel fantasy of Nicola Sturgeon that she and her party has made the law of Scotland in this United Kingdom that the SNP are puppets of.

UK puppets – satirical view of Nicola “Soo” Sturgeon and Peter “Sooty” Murrell.

Abortions are to be insisted upon to appease the Sturgeon death-cult wherever possible, sadly.

If Sturgeon couldn’t have a family, she will, it seems, get her revenge on life by doing her level best to stop younger Scots from having families too and the young people in her care are the ones she can pick on most easily.

Is that why she came into politics – to kill the sex drive, to kill love, to kill fetuses and if babies “regrettably” must be born, “why not” have their mothers kill themselves in prison?

No wonder the birth rate is in decline with such a puritanical hostility to sex from the First Minister. If Scots let her, this is a First Minister who will drive the birth rate down to the point where the Scots will suffer an existential crisis!

For Sturgeon’s puritanical devolution cult, as for Edward Longshanks, “the trouble with Scotland is that it is full of Scots”!

This beautiful photograph illustrates the kind of thing that it seems Sturgeon and the puritanical SNP hate most of all and want the law to allow judges to lock teenage girls up for, for up to ten years.

Daily Record: ‘She’s changed me completely’ Teen pregnant at 14 says daughter inspired her to work hard at school and excel in exams

 

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Keir Starmer is the WORST choice for Labour leader

Starmer misled the Labour Party as Corbyn’s Shadow Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union from October 2016 – misleading the party into offending Leave voters by remoaning, remoaning and remoaning again to obstruct any Brexit deal getting through parliament.

How Keir Starmer turned his back on Leave voters

In particular, Starmer badly advised Corbyn to whip Labour MPs to vote against Tory Brexit deals, when the only clever whip was to abstain, otherwise a free vote should have been granted so that Labour MPs could reflect their constituency feelings on the Remain vs Leave issue.

Starmer misled Labour into falling into the Tory trap which was to make Labour look like they were obstructing the democratic victory of Leave voters (in England and Wales).

Starmer handed Johnson his 2019 general election winning slogan “Get Brexit Done!”

So there can be no worse choice than Starmer for Labour leader. The man is the kiss of death for Labour.

“If recent history proves anything, however, it’s that academic prowess doesn’t always translate into political acumen. As the man who had Corbyn’s ear on Brexit, he was Britain’s most influential Remainer. He was the architect of Labour’s “six tests on Brexit”, a transparently semantic straitjacket: it was a device Labour could use to try and lever the government out of office, while claiming to support enacting the outcome of the referendum – despite never voting for any version of it. The public aren’t idiots; it was clear what was going on. Starmer’s plan was, in common terms, too smart for its own good.

Over time, Starmer overplayed his Brexit hand. Jacked up on e-petitions and well-attended People’s Vote marches (because jolly days in central London are always an accurate gauge of the electorate), he – like many Remainers sensed a point in time where the referendum result might be overturned. I wonder how he views that opportunism now, when a Labour abstention on the Withdrawal Agreement Bill at any point would’ve already had us living in the kind of tepid Brexit he claimed to favour.”
Geoff Norcott, “Keir Starmer says he’s working class. Sadly, the only thing he could make from scratch is fresh pasta”, The Independent, 22nd January 2020.

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Susan Deacon GONE! Next, SACK Iain Livingstone as Chief Constable of Police Scotland.

I offered to serve as Chair of the Scottish Police Authority and my first act, which should have been Susan Deacon’s act, but wasn’t and this is where she went wrong on day one, would be to SACK IAIN LIVINGSTONE as acting Chief Constable and not allow him to be considered for the post of Chief Constable.


I knew that acting Chief Constable Iain Livingstone was not up to the job, before Deacon was appointed, because Livingstone had incompetently commanded his officers so as to arrest me for something as trivial as a flirtatious email to a lady SNP Councillor, who has since resigned in disgrace after bearing false witness against me in Aberdeen Sheriff Court.

Livingstone has been mismanaging Police Scotland as Gestapo Scotland, meaning prioritising arresting political activists who are in any way critical of the SNP leadership.

It goes without saying that Livingstone’s Gestapo Scotland has neglected the proper duties of police such as to enforce drugs laws, resulting in Scotland having the worst death rate from drug abuse in the European Union.

I’m still available to serve, whether as a replacement for Deacon or as the next Chief Constable.

Read my blog posts for the details of how Police Scotland is operating as a Gestapo in Scotland, under Chief Constable Livingstone and the SNP government.

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Mackay is demanding much too little money for Holyrood’s credit limit

TOO LITTLE. TOO LATE.

Pig-ignorant Mackay is demanding much too little money and too late to save his job.

Satirises Derek Makay, happy as a pig in a pigsty

Mackay is demanding only the ability to rack up £1 billion of debt a year – that’s about 0.6% of Scottish GDP – peanuts, an insult to Scottish savers, most of whose savings would still be robbed blind by the UK.

We should be demanding the ability to rack up about £14 billion of debt a year – that’s about 8% of GDP – that’s proper government borrowing powers.

Mackay wants an increase in the overdraft to only £10 billion.

We should want NO overdraft limit whatsoever, only the yearly cap which can be borrowed every year indefinitely, with NO interest payments and NO repayment of the sums borrowed.

Pig-ignorant Mackay wants to pay interest and to repay the sums borrowed – pig ignorant about economics and how government borrowing works. Mackay thinks like a toon cooncillor who has to beg to borrow.

Mackay doesn’t want to govern like a government which is in charge of its own central bank and can borrow its own currency at will. That’s not a borrowing power that a toon cooncillor like Mackay would know what to do with.

Mackay is a pipsqueak of a Finance and Economy Secretary, completely out of his depth and he must be sacked for the good of the Scottish economy.

The bad deal Fiscal Framework Agreement

For years, the Scottish economy has been stagnant, with very weak growth because in 2016, the SNP made a bad deal with the UK which crushed the Scottish government’s powers to borrow money from the UK.

MSPs could have renounced the bad deal at any time. MSPs could have fought for a better £ deal with the UK, or set up a new Scottish currency and central bank to borrow from at will, but they didn’t. MSPs were too slow and too stupid and they took bad advice from a clueless university bureaucrat by the name of Anton Muscatelli, whom Glasgow University and the City of Glasgow would be miles better without.

So MSPs stuck with the bad deal which framed Holyrood budgets for austerity and weak growth, year after year. Scots suffered austerity but Sturgeon told lies and blamed only the UK for austerity when it was her signature on the bad deal. She had agreed with austerity in writing.

Finally, in September 2019, the penny finally dropped for one MSP – the new Scottish Labour leader Richard Leonard, who wrote an opinion piece in the Scotsman which criticised the SNP’s bad deal that Kezia Dugdale, the previous Scottish Labour leader never had the wits to disagree with. Dugdale resigned as Labour leader and an MSP to work for Muscatelli whose bad advice she is presumably still taking. Dugdale was an economically-ignorant celebrity and she got herself out of Holyrood!

“SNP have locked us into a bad deal” – Richard Leonard & Peter Dow agree.

John Swinney and Nicola Sturgeon have signed up to a bad financial settlement, says Richard Leonard, writing in the Scotsman on 24th September 2019. Peter Dow agrees and adds …

Richard is right. The SNP’s bad deal fiscal framework crushes the Scottish Parliament’s borrowing powers, framing Holyrood austerity budgets to fail the Scottish economy, making it all but impossible to deliver growth and prosperity for the people of Scotland, which is totally unacceptable to anyone who cares for Scots.

I’ve argued that a good deal fiscal framework would allow for Scottish government £ Sterling borrowing powers capped at no less than an average of 8% of Scottish GDP – about £14 billion per year – borrowed interest-free, with no repayments, the sums borrowed simply added to the Scottish national debt – in other words, macro-economic borrowing powers for Holyrood, akin to those of a sovereign government with its own central bank borrowing powers.

8% GDP is not unreasonable for government borrowing to fund its fiscal deficit and is about what the UK borrowed on average for the 5 years following the global financial crisis of 2008, which allowed the UK economy to grow strongly out of recession.

The UK could of course refuse such a good deal £ Sterling fiscal framework, if and when the Scottish government finally demand one such – in which case establishing a Scottish currency and Scottish central bank is the appropriate response for the Scottish Government and Parliament to take. There is no sign that Richard Leonard has reached nor crossed that particular bridge yet but he has come this far so one can but hope that he or the next Scottish Labour leader will get there one day.

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Students and the public shouldn’t support ANY university staff pay claim or strike

As a science graduate of Edinburgh University, a former Glasgow college lecturer and a mature post-graduate science student who was unjustly excluded from both Universities in Aberdeen (AU & RGU) leaving me with the worst-possible reference (“we don’t even allow him on campus”), from which my career as a scientist never recovered, I have a unique perspective on university pay disputes.

Whilst unjustified student exclusions are the fault of mismanagement failing to find a way for people to work together, those unjust exclusions often follow a complaint from a lecturer or department administrator, unwilling to allow tough questions to be asked of staff by “mere students”, however educated and qualified those students may be.

University Principals are those most responsible for hiring lawyers to obtain court orders to enforce exclusions from the campus.

My complaint about the staff in general is that collectively they show no solidarity with excluded students whom one of their fellow staff colleagues may have complained about. The solidarity is always with the tenured staff member to support principals who exclude any student who asks tough questions.

Whilst collective action from staff is often evident to support a wage claim, never in a million years can one imagine collective action by university staff in support of excluded students.

Such excluded students are left to rot on the dole for the rest of their lives, or tormented by Jobcentre staff and made mentally ill by having their benefits cut off. Such individuals as myself are the “skeletons in the cupboard” of academia – only I am one such skeleton who is still blowing the whistle!

So that’s why I don’t support such pay claims, as I explained to a BBC Radio Scotland phone-in program some years ago.

Peter Dow (on radio) re: Scottish Universities Pay Dispute

Lecturers and students who didn’t welcome my tough questions, typically complained that I was “disruptive”, misrepresenting my constructive line of questioning.

They couldn’t go complaining to management about my “constructive” questions without looking foolish, now could they?

Better to save face by pretending that I was “disruptive”, embellish their account so as to paint me in as bad a light as they can.

Academics claiming that they “don’t want” students excluded is insincere when they never lift a finger to oppose or reverse exclusions.

Academics who claim they cannot imagine dishonesty in their colleagues either lack imagination or are dishonest themselves.

In my case, academics testified as witnesses for the prosecution, for my exclusion, as to my alleged “disruptive” behaviour at lectures etc. so my experience is to the contrary of any claims that academic staff “do not want exclusion”.

“Gown” versus “Town”

Academics (“Gown”) are willing to take industrial action action against the university management (“Town”) in support of wages and conditions, so it is untrue to pretend that “Gown” doesn’t ever interfere with “Town” management decisions ever.

The contrast is the courage when selfishly striking for university staff’s own wages compared to the indifference or moral cowardice in not striking, not even speaking out, in solidarity with excluded students.

Academics don’t speak out politically in support of excluded students but have misled the polity by pretending that excluded students can be “expected to do very well”, whereas the deck is very much stacked against us when we are excluded.

My career as a scientist was ruined, long term unemployed and on the sick, with no social life, no friends, no family of my own.

I was excluded from the University of Aberdeen from 1991 and the Robert Gordon University in 2003 and have never been included anywhere else that I wanted to be as a first choice since then.

It is too late for me to expect the experience of decades of exclusion since then not to determine my future. It has determined the last 28 years of my life, ruining it completely.

My life has been totally destroyed by my exclusion!

“Study at the Open University”

Having left my college lecturing job from boredom, I didn’t want to do an O.U. course, still don’t, because I lacked and still lack a social life.

When you are socially isolated, you need the company of your peers. You want to make friends, perhaps find a partner in life to start a family with.

What you don’t need is your peers excluding you from their company because you might ask some tough questions.

What I need is solidarity against the mismanagement of the Universities of Aberdeen and the mismanagement of the courts which prevented me from holding them to account.

I need restorative action which removes the bad management and lets me back on campus in Aberdeen to put the record straight at every public meeting on campus, where I can speak out and reduce the reputation of the past years of mismanagement to the “lowest of the low” which is appropriate.

I have been grievously wronged and the wrong-doers must be held to account.

There must be justice and accountability and compensation, though I fear the compensation I would demand would break the Bank of England but no apology nor compensation whatsoever has ever been offered to me.

So the solution here must be to remove the accreditation of all UK universities and of the standing of the kingdom and monarchy which gave them their royal charters that they never deserved in the first place.

The Windsor royal family must be exiled from Britain before we, the people, can then turn in a “year zero” to confronting the UK elites who have abused their positions of trust in the kingdom.

We’ll see how brave academics etc. are when they don’t have a fascist police state to exclude their critics.

Meanwhile, Ivory Tower fascists do not deserve any wage nor any pension – social security payments only until they put their own house in order.

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